CPCB issues Guidelines for handling/treatment/disposal of waste generated during Treatment/Diagnosis/Quarantine of COVID-19 Patients; applicable to sample collection centers, HCFs, laboratories etc.
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), has issued the “Guidelines for Handling, Treatment and Disposal of Waste Generated during Treatment/Diagnosis/Quarantine of COVID-19 Patients (“Guidelines”), to manage the waste generated during diagnostics and treatment of corona virus suspected/confirmed patients.
Responsibilities of Healthcare Facilities (“HCFs”) having isolation wards for coronavirus patients are listed below.
- Keep separate colour coded bins/bags/containers in wards and must maintain proper segregation of waste, as per the compliances under the Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016.
- As a precaution, double layered bags (using two bags) should be used for collection of waste from the coronavirus isolation wards.
- Collect and store bio-medical waste separately prior to handling the same Common Bio-Medical Waste Treatment Facility (“CBWTF”). Use a dedicated collection bin labelled as “COVID-19” to store the COVID-19 waste and keep it separately in temporary storage room prior to handling over to authorized staff of CBWTF. Bio-medical waste collected in such isolation wards can also be lifted directly from the ward into the CBWTF collection van.
- In addition to the mandatory labelling, bags/containers used for collecting bio-medical waste from coronavirus wards, have to be labelled as “COVID-19 Waste”.
- Maintain a separate record of waste generated from the coronavirus isolation wards.
- Use dedicated trolleys and collection bins in coronavirus isolation wards. A label of “COVID-19 Waste” is to be pasted on these items too.
- The inner and outer surface of containers/bins/trolleys used for the storage of coronavirus waste has to be disinfected with 1% sodium hypochlorite solution.
- Report the opening or operation of coronavirus ward to the State Pollution Control Board (“SPCB”).
- Depute dedicated sanitation workers separately for bio-medical wastes and general solid waste so that waste can be collected and transferred timely to temporary waste storage area.
- Sample Collection Centres and Laboratories for COVID-19 suspected patients have to report the opening or operation of COVID-19 sample collection centres and laboratories to the concerned SPCBs. The above-mentioned guidelines for isolation wards should be applied suitably in case of test centres and laboratories also.
Source: Central Pollution Control Board